Katharina mГјller

Katharina MГјller Welcome to our auction house!

Login. Passwort vergessen? Katharina MГјller - Wer kennt Wen WKW. Katharina MГјller. Um diese Seite zu sehen musst du eingeloggt sein. Verfügbare Länder. Katharina MГјller. Deutschland, Saarbrücken. 57 Jahre alt. Marta Ortis · Jessica RIEHN. Deutschland. 31 Jahr alt. Wer Kennt. Deutschland, Aalen. 63 Jahre alt. Auction , KvS Auctions. An auction for Berlin! Auctioneer Kilian Jay von Seldeneck. Auction Date: Katharina Grosse - O.T., KvS Auctions. Eine Auktion für Berlin! Versteigerer Kilian Jay von Seldeneck. Auktionstermin: Katharina Grosse - O.T., Startpreis €. Katharina MГјller, Bachelor thesis: Untersuchung der Mikrostruktur von ReibauftragschweiГџungen aus Aluminium-, Kupfer- und Chrombasislegierungen.

katharina mГјller

Katharina MГјller. Deutschland, Saarbrücken. 57 Jahre alt. Marta Ortis · Jessica RIEHN. Deutschland. 31 Jahr alt. Wer Kennt. Deutschland, Aalen. 63 Jahre alt. 3 % fdata.se?q=pius+mГјller-salvisberg&ie=UTF-​8&oe=UTF-8&hl= 1 % fdata.se?sa=t&rct=j&q=katharina. KvS Auctions. Eine Auktion für Berlin! Versteigerer Kilian Jay von Seldeneck. Auktionstermin: Katharina Grosse - O.T., Startpreis €. katharina mГјller Steht auf! This type of book usually goes please click for source to university libraries. I want to teach them to critically analyze what they read and hear, so I put a lot of effort in. Hier finden sie eine unbegrenzte Land, in dem sie ihre Häuser click here Belieben bauen. Of course, there also is a social side to it. Then you can grow without being the leader in. All of these questions will be answered in an in depth exploration of the wide world of porn. Follow Wallace D. Do plants have brains or something analogous to it? Essays in Honour of Anthony Gelston. Die Termine unserer Kunstauktionen, unserer Expertentage und der Vorbesichtigungen finden Sie hier ebenfalls. Stock and A. In: King, Steven A. Daly, Robert J. Our highly qualified experts are happy to answer this web page questions. Geschichte der Jugendgemeinschaftsdienste. 1 % fdata.se?sa=t&rct=j&q=mГјller+bochum+​chirurgie&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CFYQFjAA&url=fdata.segie-bochu 1. 3 % fdata.se?q=pius+mГјller-salvisberg&ie=UTF-​8&oe=UTF-8&hl= 1 % fdata.se?sa=t&rct=j&q=katharina. ZaunstГ¶ck, Holger / Gestrich, Andreas / MГјller-Bahlke, Thomas (eds.): Greschat, Katharina, “Taten und VerkГјndigung der zwГ¶lf Apostel. Katharina Boehm, Anna Farkas and Anne-Julia Zwierlein, Routledge sistematica sui piccoli mammiferi dell'Alto Adige (Ladurner & MГјller. Handel-Mazzetti H. Frerichs edsChico: Scholars Press, Araneae, Linyphiidae. Il portale sulla distribuzione delle specie animali e vegetali in Alto Adige. Pajero P. Martin Lindauer, Stuttgart ; pp. Quaderni 2 z-nation staffel Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio n. The German war was more than a Griff nach der Weltmacht.

Katharina MГјller Video

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Scholars talk about it all the time. Barker M. Hier erfahren Sie alles über read more genaue Vorgehen Braun-Blanquet J. Dirksen, Piet B. Manuskript, Autonome Prov. Lars Neukirchen, Masterarbeit: Untersuchunen zur stabilen Rissausbreitung in martensitischem Edelstahl 1. Continue reading di riferimento Baccetti B. Nadig A.

Les nanotechnologies sont plus dangereuses que l'amiante et les OGM The translation is based on the original Latin edition of the Principles, published in Wattles Genre: Philosophie Erscheinungsdatum: Follow Wallace D.

Wattles as he helps you to make a startling discovery that you hold all the keys to your financial state of being.

A powerful and inspiring book that will put the reigns back into your hands and steer you towards the success that is just around the corner for you.

Mademoiselle de la Chaux abandonne tout pour suivre Gardeil par amour : son honneur, sa fortune, sa famille. Vantiamo record di evasione fiscale, abusi edilizi, scempi ambientali.

Lo spirito civico, infatti, non si improvvisa. Genre: Philosophie Erscheinungsdatum: Verkäufer: Smashwords, Inc. Poet-Philosopher and Zen Priest Tai Sheridan's Wheel of Life Mantra is a poetic expression of the Bhavacakra, an ancient mandala that presents the most significant wisdom teachings of Buddhism.

It is used to contemplate the causes and conditions of suffering, and as a guide to non-dual wisdom, loving kindness, compassion, and equanimity.

The Wheel is constructed of four concentric circles around a hub, each circle representing different areas of human experience and awareness.

Beginning with the innermost circle and moving outward they represent dimensions of anguish, consequences, psychological experience, and the workings of consciousness.

The wheel itself is an expression of the essential Buddhist teachings of no-self nothing exists as a separate entity , impermanence everything changes , and co-dependent origination all phenomena arise simultaneously in reality in the present moment.

The Wheel, like all Buddhist teachings, is an encouragement for finding the way to peace, love, and light.

Just as the worst slave-owners were those who were kind to their slaves, and so prevented the horror of the system being realised by those who suffered from it, and understood by those who contemplated it, so, in the present state of things in England, the people who do most harm are the people who try to do most good" while preserving the system.

Kein Ding geräth, an dem nicht der Übermuth seinen Theil hat. Das Zuviel von Kraft erst ist der Beweis der Kraft.

Jedes Mittel ist dazu recht, jeder "Fall" ein Glücksfall. Vor Allem der Krieg. Der Krieg war immer die grosse Klugheit aller zu innerlich, zu tief gewordnen Geister; selbst in der Verwundung liegt noch Heilkraft.

Ein Spruch, dessen Herkunft ich der gelehrten Neugierde vorenthalte, war seit langem mein Wahlspruch. It was a lecture delivered in at National Secular Society, London.

Later in it was part of a book with the same title and reached international fame. He examines one by one several highly regarded arguments for the existence or necessity of God.

His main point however is the possibility of morality based on another principle than God. It is quite a challenging reading and one we must all face, regardless of our belief or lack of it, thereof.

Einer seiner Devotees meinte, dass es unmöglich sei, sich alle Verse zu merken, und fragte, ob es nicht einen Vers gäbe, den man sich als Essenz der Gita merken könne.

Ich bin der Anfang, die Mitte und auch das Ende aller Lebewesen. A key to modern studies of eighteenth-century Western philosophy, the Treatise considers numerous classic philosophical issues, including causation, existence, freedom and necessity, and morality.

Niemand schenkt ihm Gehör. Stattdessen wird er in die Psychiatrie eingewiesen,wo er seit sieben Jahren sitzt. Mollath wird von Psychiatern weggesperrt, die ihn nie untersucht haben.

Das interne Dokument der Hypovereinsbank beweist, dass Mollaths Anschuldigungen zutreffen. Man verheimlicht die Akte und lässt ihn in der Anstalt schmoren.

Und wer den Fall kennt, glaubt nicht an ein zufälliges Versagen von Justiz und Psychiatrie. Lombardo and Bell have translated this important early dialogue on virtue, wisdom, and the nature of Sophistic teaching into an idiom remarkable for its liveliness and subtlety.

Michael Frede has provided a substantial introduction that illuminates the dialogue's perennial interest, its Athenian political background, and the particular difficulties and ironic nuances of its argument.

I found inner fulfilment beyond my wildest dreams. I now know a real, a lasting and a sustainable love. One of the most remarkable characters in literature, the unnamed narrator is a former official who has defiantly withdrawn into an underground existence.

Read it now! Parmi ces variables, il distingue des causes culturelles traditions, religion, etc.

Walther Rathenau Genre: Philosophie Erscheinungsdatum: It earned Spinoza an enduring reputation as one of the most important and original thinkers of the seventeenth century.

The word has become synonymous with any large sea monster or creature. In literature e. It is described extensively in Job 41 and mentioned in Isaiah Dabei kann die Cockpit-Anzeige der verbliebenen Reichweite je nach Fahrweise und Beladung stark schwanken.

Dieses Buch erklärt die wichtigsten Parameter, die einen Einfluss auf die Restreichweite eines Elektrofahrzeuges haben, und stellt darüber hinaus anschauliche Medien zur Vertiefung bereit.

Why do people like to look at naked girls? Why do girls like to participate in pornography? What is bad about pornography? What is a porn addiction?

All of these questions will be answered in an in depth exploration of the wide world of porn. Car ce n'est pas assez d'avoir l'esprit bon, mais le principal est de l'appliquer bien.

His "Anabasis" is a true story as delightful as a fiction; his "Cyropaedia" is a fiction full of truths. He wrote "Hellenica, " that carried on the history of Greece from the point at which Thucydides closed his history until the battle of Mantineia.

He wrote a dialogue between Hiero and Simonides upon the position of a king, and dealt with the administration of the little realm of a man's household in his "OEconomicus, " a dialogue between Socrates and Critobulus, which includes the praise of agriculture.

In seinen frühen Jahren war er geprägt durch seine Lehrer an der Universität, insbesondere durch den Rationalisten Martin Knutzen.

In dieser Zeit beschäftigte er sich stark mit naturwissenschaftlichen Fragen und mit der Physik und Naturphilosophie Isaac Newtons.

Sein frühes Hauptwerk ist die Allgemeine Naturgeschichte und Theorie des Himmels, in der er eine auch von Astronomen anerkannte Theorie über die Entstehung des Planetensystems und des Kosmos entwickelte, die über hundert Jahre als die Kant-Laplace-Theorie Aktualität hatte.

Je mehr sich Kant auch mit metaphysischen Themen befasste, umso mehr sind wachsende Zweifel an der Position des Rationalismus erkennbar.

Bonne lecture! In attesa del secondo libro di Fausto Cattaneo, la Gabriele Capelli Editore mette gratuitamente a disposizione questo testo in formato ebook.

Qui di seguito i contenuti della versione cartacea originale:Testimonianza in prima persona delle operazioni sotto copertura di un agente dei servizi antidroga.

I cartelli della droga colombiani, la mafia turca e la via dei Balcani, il riciclo dei proventi della droga nelle banche svizzere: il commissario Fausto Cattaneo ha partecipato a tutte queste inchieste.

In una lettera al presidente Reagan il boss boliviano propone, in cambio della liberazione del figlio, di pagare il debito estero della Bolivia!

Le inchieste di Cattaneo danno fastidio. In Svizzera hanno provocato le dimissioni del ministro della giustizia Elisabeth Kopp, accusata di aver protetto il marito avvertendolo di un inchiesta che lo vedeva coinvolto.

In Francia scopre le strane pratiche di alcuni poliziotti. God is not the God of classical theism.

Instead, it is the only 'substance' in the universe and contains all other things in terms of its 'attributes' as 'modes'. Thus we do not have independent existence, but exist as modes of God.

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Il libro racconta le vicende di Steve che, dopo un'adolescenza apparentemente normale, si ritrova in una spirale di depressione e solitudine.

Il "Social Network diventa la sua speranza, la sua vita, la sua ossessione. This guide examines Kant's theory of knowledge, specifically his arguments for separating human thought into concepts and intuitions.

Based on the Critique of Pure Reason, this guide covers his critique of empirical and rational thought, and explains key concepts such as a priori judgements, analytic and synthetic judgements, and the difference between pure and empirical concepts.

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News: Affiliate programm. Script Nevius. Site Public Relations 1PS. Hosting: Valuehost. This volume is the great work of moral philosophy by ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle, a companion to his Politics.

Fast alles über Mitgefühl in einem multimedialen eBook! Die Kritik der reinen Vernunft ist das erkenntnistheoretische Hauptwerk des Philosophen Immanuel Kant, in dem er den Grundriss für seine Transzendentalphilosophie liefert.

Der Ausdruck Kritik in der Kritik der reinen Vernunft meint daher eine Selbstbegrenzung, die die Vernunft vornimmt, um sich vor Urteilen über Sachverhalte zu bewahren, die jenseits der Grenzen möglicher Erfahrung liegen, wie etwa Gott, Freiheit und Unsterblichkeit.

Would you like to write another book some day? I would like to write some other things, because at some point you have to end your book and be practical about that.

Still you know you are not done with the topics you write about, so maybe there will be a sequel.

It depends a little bit on how well this book will do and the comments that I will get. It is impossible to write an error-free book, but I hope not to discover more errors.

What do you prefer: writing an article or writing a book? I have mixed feelings about both. This is a sensitive point for me. They are too short and not much different from previous articles.

I think the majority of articles are written to achieve enough publications to keep jobs instead of to improve science.

I do not like that, but they cannot survive if they do not do it, so the system is rotten, I would say. Gradually some people are complaining about it and say that this is not the way we should do it.

I am one of them, but I am not sure how successful we will be on the short run. I think on the long run it will change again, but I do not know when.

I was brought up with the idea that you write a paper if you have substantial knowledge to present. Otherwise is it not worthwhile publishing.

At the moment you cannot survive on that when you are in science. For a book you have more space. You have to be as critical as with an article, I think.

The fun of writing a book is that you can combine a lot of things that you think should be combined. The reason that I in particular started with this book is that I have been in too much administration all the time in Groningen.

In the first five years I did not do much administration, but then I was in the faculty board and the graduate school.

I was one of the founders of BCN and the first director. In Frans Zwarts came and I went back to physics and became education director for the physics department.

Then I got into biomedical engineering and at the end of that I quit, but there was a lot of organization and not so much time to write scientific papers.

I had a number of PhD students who graduated and wrote theses. Some of them are mentioned in the book. Sietse van Netten was the first one.

He did his master thesis on a topic that is still relevant in this book, but his PhD thesis was on a different topic.

The disadvantage of writing a book is that is takes much longer. You have to do a lot of work and make reference lists for every chapter and I like to make some figures myself.

When you want to copy figures from others you have to write them for permission to use them. People may think that the publisher does such work, but nowadays they do not do that anymore.

This is cheaper for the publisher, but more work for the author. This is not the case with an article in my experience. Another difference is that you use fewer reviewers for a book.

The publisher asked two reviewers whether they should trust me as an author for a book on this topic. I do not know who the reviewers were; I can guess, but we never communicated with each other about the book.

The review process was anonymous, but you know everyone in the field. Therefore you can guess who they were?

Yes, you know almost everyone. I do not know all the younger people. I am getting older and there are quite a few new people entering the field every year.

It is hard for me to keep up with that. I am over 65 years of age, so my memory will also go down a bit.

Do you still do other work-related activities? Well, I go to meetings, once or twice a year. I visit the mechanics of hearing conferences every three years.

This year, there is the international symposium on hearing. Thus, I still go to conferences and I like to talk to graduate students.

I also review papers for journals. Would you ever like to quit working in this field or do you keep working as long as possible?

As long as my brain keeps me in a state that I can work, I will do it. One of the things that I like about being an emeritus is that you do not have to worry about the organization anymore.

I was sort of bored of organizing after more than 25 years, but I was not bored of the interest of young people in science and my own interest in science itself.

Those things will always remain. Is there anything else you would like to share with the BCN community? However, I am also chair of the local sailing club at the Paterswoldsemeer.

I have to be careful about not making conflicting appointments. If I can, I will probably come to the annual meeting, but if not I have other priorities and I will be on the lake.

After finishing my BSc in Psychology, I made the decision to further specialize in the field of Neuroscience. Having read the last issue of the BCN newsletter, I immediately decided to get involved.

I am looking forward to writing my first articles and conducting interviews. I hope to gain insight and meet new people in order to get a broader and richer impression of the field and, perhaps, new ideas for my own research and future academic career.

Or have you encountered a person who cannot seem to hold a conversation without making sarcastic remarks all the time?

Or a person you want to be with because of the positive energy he projects every time you talk to him?

These and other related questions about mood and social interactions are what keeps Dr. Marije aan het Rot busy. She is very curious about the interplay between social and biological factors in determining mood and influencing risk for mood disorders.

Or they let people listen to a certain piece of music; how does that influence mood? So those are more psychological experiments, but at some level, I believe, they must get to the biology.

Similarly, if I do a biological experiment, I am getting to the psychology because I am eliciting effects on mood. Who introduced you to BCN?

I started working in Psychology, but the VENI project I am doing and also some other projects that I would like to do, but with unsuccessful grant applications so far, are very much interdisciplinary.

One of them has something to do with light exposure and that is how I got to know Marijke. Then I knew Deniz Baskent through one of my colleagues here in psychology who is her husband.

He is working in auditory psychology. Mark Nieuwenstein is involved in the teaching in BCN. He works here in the building and I talked to him about my projects that BCN Master students might be interested in joining.

It makes it more diverse. One of the reasons I always ask students to write a motivation letter is that it forces them to put into words why they might be interested in working with me.

Oftentimes, students, at least the ones here in psychology, get very nervous when I ask them to give a motivation letter and a CV.

They get nervous but they have to make a choice; why choose to do this project and not another project. I know that individual staff can add their discipline to their staff website.

In my case, the default is psychology but I can add other disciplines myself like, for example, neuroscience, and then I suddenly show up in the BCN website.

But I have to do it myself. I could not readily find in the BCN website who are the members.

I personally think that increasing transparency at this level might be helpful to all members faculty and students.

A participant from Canada, Diane Boivin, approached her and asked her if she knew this really good Dutch scientist that Diane had worked with.

Marijke said she did not know you at that time but she recalled that incident later when she met you. It is nice to hear this, because when you work with her, she teaches you very strict lab methods.

But she told me a lot of valuable things about the importance of timekeeping and being very precise and good about data recording.

Things like that. So I had to learn that. And I think that once I learned that, we got along very well. I know she was happy when I left, especially because the paper got published in a nice journal.

She sets her standards very high. Why not closer to Groningen? He does work in medical robotics. So if one of us is in Enschede and the other one is in Groningen, then the only place you can be is in the middle, and that is in Zwolle.

He worked on space robotics, and then he switched to medical robotics for his PhD. It usually takes four years to finish this degree but I did five years because there was one more year of my scholarship.

That is why I went to Canada in the fifth year. I did 9 months research in McGill then I had to come back to the Netherlands because I had decided to apply for the PhD program, and that took one year.

In between, I took courses in psychology in Amsterdam, because I did my research project in the psychology department.

I did not study psychology before so I wanted to learn many things specifically about that. It was a study on food and the brain.

She started her 6-month project officially in January. I am very happy with him as well. For me, what I find interesting most about it is how much it may vary, not so much on how it is at the general level but on the variability around the mean that people have.

I am really interested in what might cause that variability around the mean. I think I would mostly equate it with that in some way, at least over longer periods of time.

Is this an accurate interpretation of your results? What I like about this study, and, in fact, I still use the method is that when you ask about social interactions, you can ask people to come in to the lab and either do a computer task or interact with one random person.

It does not really tell you much about how most people go about their daily lives. They fill out forms every time.

Showing the form So there is a defined number of items in each of the forms, and the forms change from day to day. If I were a subject in your experiment and without any formal background in psychology, I could easily fill out that form.

However, foods that are high in tryptophan are usually also high in other amino acids. For tryptophan to increase the serotonin levels in the brain, tryptophan has to be high relative to other amino acid levels because they compete for transport into the brain.

If anything, when you eat a protein-rich food, because tryptophan is one of the least abundant amino acids in protein-rich food, you usually decrease it a little bit.

There are people who will say that you might be influenced to some degree, but I think this research is mostly based on animal studies, and animals ingest a much larger proportion of their body weight with each meal so of course you can imagine that the effects in the brain will be higher than in humans.

And I would be the last person to say that everybody should start taking tryptophan, for example. First of all, can you describe what tryptophan depletion is and how it occurs in an individual?

If you give people a protein shake, an amino acid mixture, and you specifically leave out tryptophan, then the competition at the level of the brain will not be in favor of tryptophan so there is less tryptophan going into the brain and, temporarily, the serotonin level is known to decrease.

Do you know the tryptophan component of these supplements? We get those protein mixtures from the pharmacy; they are specially made at the UMCG.

If I would continue along that line, their mood is less influenced by the environment, in this case their physical environment in terms of light exposure, but maybe it also means that they are less emotional towards other people.

My understanding of your study is that bright light can suppress the negative effects of tryptophan depletion on recognizing emotions in faces.

So if you get more light throughout the year, in some ways your mood is going to be more regular.

High temperatures in tropical areas can affect your mood in terms of increasing irritability and so forth.

So temperature plays a role as well. And maybe people in more northern places have developed cognitive ways in dealing with their emotions.

Could you explain the biological basis of this effect? The idea is that it helps regulate mood either through serotonin pathways, or by dopamine pathways, or melatonin pathways.

I am the last person to say that all depressed people should start taking antidepressants. However, there certainly is evidence,such as the tryptophan depletion study that I did, that suggests that bright light can help regulate the serotonin system as well.

You know that most people these days sit in an office. You can argue that I may be getting a lot less sunlight than a lot of people in places with better weather.

It is also possible that before the industrial revolution people would get a lot more light exposure.

Getting light exposure for the sake of stimulating your brain is not a bad thing. I think I read it somewhere. But I think I can argue that as well.

I spend a lot of my time at work talking to people. If so, what would be the difference in effect on mood between using Facebook and faceto-face interactions?

For people who are participating in this study, they ask the students: what about text messaging, can we use it?

For this study, we decided no, because it creates a variable that we cannot control right now. We would have to change the forms and add it.

For future study, I would be interested to look at this question. If you can call it an interaction, I would probably argue that the interactions might be very short, and you might be distracted by other things happening as well.

I think their background will be fairly similar to mine. There are suitable projects to be helping out on and for half a year.

In the lab you have a much more controlled environment, so having people do computer tasks and just trying to find ecologically valid ones with respect to social interaction is going to be helpful in terms of finding out what I want to know.

Moskowitz, G. Young , Social behaviour and mood in everyday life: the effects of tryptophan in quarrelsome individuals, J Psychiatry Neurosci 31 4 , [2] M.

Coupland, D. Boivin, C. It was a festive occasion and memorable day. Many of the people I met that day stand out in my memory, and one of them is Avril McDonald, who had just started her appointment as Rosalind Franklin Fellow in the Law Faculty.

Her other specialism was a truly wicked and truly Irish sense of humour. I cannot recall specifically what we talked about, but I remember that a great deal of laughter came into it.

Avril had had an interesting and anything but straightforward life, having come to law and academic life after a first career as a journalist.

She had many stories to tell, and it seemed clear that she had a long and interesting life ahead of her. Less than a year later, the shocking news came that Avril had died.

On April 15th , at only 44 years of age, she passed away very suddenly and unexpectedly. She left a great void in the lives of her family and friends, and also of her colleagues.

This means that your donation is tax deductible. One of the activities to raise money for this fund is an annual charity dinner on the Friday before the beginning of the Academic Year.

This year, the dinner will be held on August 31st, from 6 pm onwards, at the Hanze Societeit. The dinner will be accompanied by music and a charity auction.

Tickets are EUR 70,-. To make a reservation, please contact us at this e-mail: benefiet hotmail. Monika S. My classmates and siblings noticed them and just laughed, possibly wondering what was going on with me.

I remember my frustrations for not being able to stop them at will as soon as they began. These episodes spontaneously stopped occurring after about a year.

It is common among Asian boys around age , and they usually go away naturally without any interventions. She works with the Neurology Department of the UMCG finding answers to question surrounding hyperkinetic movement disorders.

I came from the Hague but I did my medical training and also my neurology training in Leiden, which is a bit to the North of the Hague.

I had a great time, had wonderful patients, and great research, but I never really became an amsterdammer. Ajax is the famous football club and what Ajax always feels is that whether they played good or they played bad, they always consider themselves the best.

That is really the image of Amsterdam, including the AMC. But it never really got into my personality although I learned from that, that you have to present yourself as well.

Why did you move to Groningen? One is they gave me the opportunity to give more time to research. I got more time than in Amsterdam. If you are a clinician, you have clinical work, you see patients, you have research, and you have teaching.

In Amsterdam, I did a lot of clinical work besides movement disorder clinics. That took much of my time and limited my possibility to do research.

I mean I will not go away here in Groningen all the time, but I will have time to think of new projects, to write applications for grants.

I had my clinical work. I had seven PhD students which was a lot. Here, I will have the ability to do my clinical movement disorder work, which I enjoy a lot.

I just started supervising one PhD student here in Groningen. Most of them will finish in Amsterdam, so I will just go there once in a while.

What I usually do is I have regular meetings. For example, every week or every two weeks I have a meeting with each of them and in between we have exchanges through email, I look at their papers.

Do you want to do a bit more clinical, or more basic, or more translational, and see which people are involved in that research.

And then try to have a meeting with someone like that. Or you do a little research on a medication trial. More basic researches like genetics or imaging.

And I think in between is the most interesting, the translational one, where you study certain groups of patients, certain types of basic research that you make, and the translation between basic science and clinical applications.

For medical students, that depends on which phase of their studies they are. Like what I had in the AMC, I also had students from the psychology department or students from the physics department then they did more like the basic part while the medical students do the more clinical part, and they could do it together.

Basically, I like to look at patients, look at the phenotype, how they look like. I look at dystonia, which is involuntary movements, and I also investigate jerky movements like tics, myoclonus, and also psychogenic movements.

I like to look at phenotypes, how we can classify them, and based on that how we can do genetic research. And the other thing is if you have homogeneous groups, can you look at what the background of it is.

Can you do imaging or clinical neurophysiology research? What is the background of the involuntary movements?

What I also like about it is the area between the involuntary movements and psychiatry. If you have patients with these involuntary movements, they usually also have psychiatric problems.

On the other hand, psychiatric patients, if they use medication they usually have dystonia. There are two studies now going on. One is with physiotherapy with dystonia where we develop a programme on how we can improve dystonia with physiotherapy.

You seem really excited about your research. It will be very interesting in these disorders. Some of these things I will leave a bit and others I will push forward.

I will make my choices and in that area I will do it. Then you can grow without being the leader in everything.

Very friendly. It gives me a feeling that there are many opportunities. I have this general feeling that there are possibilities that you can achieve.

I think this is well organized from the beginning. It gives you a feeling that if you have good Do you have any ideas for how to improve BCN?

The head of BCN brain is the head of my department, Prof. Kremers, he is a clinician. But perhaps that is already the case. Students had made every possible effort to formulate difficult questions and many staff members showed up to provide answers.

Can all psychiatric disorders be modeled in mice? Do plants have brains or something analogous to it? Can they be trained to show a particular behavior?

Why are crows so incredibly smart if they lack a neocortex? Who owns the intellectual property rights of research that was funded with public funds?

Why does aging result in memory loss? How can humanity increase its collective wisdom? And why are linguists often not regarded as scientists?

Being a linguist myself, I felt immediately great sympathy for Harwintha Anjarningsih, who asked the last question.

Unfortunately, I could not answer her, because Bert Otten was ahead of me. To be honest, he did a fantastic job, much better than I would have been able to do.

Some herald Bayesian Statistics as the new savior, a revolution, a panacea. Others are skeptical.

What should we make of this? I decided to ask Prof. Why am I so interested in Bayesian Statistics?

Double dipping occurs when the same data set is used for selection and selective analysis. Due to selection criteria, statistical results appear to be much stronger than they really are.

It is like asking thousands of people to predict the weather tomorrow and statistically comparing the predictions of the people that correctly predicted the weather with the rest.

Something is obviously wrong here. Is not most, if not all, reasoning in science circular? For instance, I see cells through a microscope if a microscope enlarges reality and does not distort it.

We assume it does not distort reality if it corroborates with another measure and if that measure is also not distorted. Well, we can go on until we conclude that a cell exists if a cell exists!

Is there a way out? According to Dr. Renken, the main lecturer of the fMRI course, there is. The solution is called: Bayesian Statistics BStat.

It can be used to reason under uncertainty. While no theoretical claim can ever be certain, the probabilities of it being true can be updated by each new experience.

It is a way of relating a priori probabilities of data and theory with their probabilities after the results of a new experiment.

Because of this claim to solve extra-statistical, philosophical problems I became interested in BStat. There is something enigmatic about it.

There is a totally different aura around it than ordinary statistics. He showed how the claim of social psychologist Daryl Bem that people can predict the future is far less likely when a Bayes factor is applied.

Florian claimed that BStat is a way of filtering out pseudo science. In fact, in the 14 September newsletter of the University of Amsterdam, Prof.

Wagenmakers states that there should be a Bayesian revolution in the social sciences. And there are already many practical applications.

So is BStat the panacea for all the problems in science? Not everyone is as enthusiastic about BStat. In edition 84 of the BCN newsletter, Dr.

Dave Langers argued that, although very useful, BStat faces a few substantial problems. First, because BStat takes the prior probabilities into account, conclusions do not reflect pure observations, but rather preconceptions.

How can BStat overcome these problems? And is it the grand savior or a mere tool out of thousands? In order to answer these questions I interviewed Prof.

The interview proved to be very interesting. We were still stuck at question 1 after about an hour. So let us peak into the career of Prof.

At the time, he was mostly interested in the philosophy of science, so he conducted a Ph. The subject of this Ph. After finishing this Ph.

One of his teachers was the famous David Lee Wallace, who showed BStat could be applied to derive the author of papers of which the authorship was disputed.

What was interesting to hear was that when he arrived in Chicago, most of the Bayesians were already retired. They made way for a new badge of statisticians: The Frequentists.

So even though BStat is currently hot, it is in no way new. The battle of Bayesians vs. Frequentists would attack the quantities the Bayesians were working with, such as the prior, stating that such prior distribution would introduce a subjective element in science.

Nowadays the debate is more refined. Actually, the difference between Frequentist and Bayesian statistics is becoming more and more blurred.

An example of such convergence can be found in methods to analyse fMRI data. Bayesians use the prior to correct for noise in the data.

While the Maximum Likelihood procedure Frequentist often results in lots of little dots, the Bayesian voxels appear more smeared out.

Here, the penalty is equivalent to the prior in BStat. So is there an advantage to using BStat? Why is it so hot? According to Prof.

Wit, the increased popularity of BStat has to do with recent developments in Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods MCMC in combination with the enormous computational power of modern computers.

MCMC methods are sophisticated sampling methods that can approximate a target distribution. While this iterative sampling method would have taken days or weeks to complete in the past, nowadays it can actually be faster than Frequentist methods like the Maximum Likelihood, especially when applied in complex modeling situations.

Therefore Bayesians have a clear computational advantage and are able to model more complex and hopefully more realistic situations.

But Prof. Wit agrees with the critique of Dr. However, it depends on the prior that is used. In the case that the prior reflects true knowledge, it would be silly not to use it.

For instance, certain parameters may be bound by certain quantities. Priors about generic information can be an example of such priors reflecting true knowledge.

These structural priors are very useful in modeling. Biased priors are a big problem however. If there is no good reason to believe that certain parameters should have certain boundaries or different experts come up with different priors, it is highly problematic.

In fields of that nature, such as sociology and psychology, where sometimes it is not even clear what counts as a parameter, you should become worried.

Wit also attenuates the optimism with which BStat is heralded as meta-analytic tool. BStat is not a magic bullet. BStat will not distinguish between good and bad science.

If rubbish goes in, rubbish comes out. And besides, Frequentist meta-analysis can do roughly the same thing.

What can we conclude? First of all, BStat is not new. And while radical Bayesians or Frequentists still exist, the distinction is becoming less and less important.

What Bayesians can do, Frequentists can do in pretty much the same way. In depends very much on the nature of the problem at hand, which approach is the most suited: A mix-and-match.

Unfortunately, BStat is not a panacea. However, sometimes I still feel like living in a dream. I can remember how I felt during my first few days in the tranquil yet lively Dutch city Groningen.

For example, the huge windows covering almost half of the wall, the more-than-a-meter-high plants reaching out from the gardens, the tall residents that I had to look up to in order to find their smiling faces and so on.

On the one hand, Groningen is so ideal for both living and studying that it has become my favorite city among those I have ever lived in.

On the other hand, the BCN master programme is exactly what I have been longing for. I always believe it is impossible to solve the puzzle of the human mind without a comprehensive grasp of the interaction of human behavior, thoughts and the underlying activities of the brain.

The multidisciplinary education highlighted by the BCN programme provides me a precious opportunity to broaden my horizons.

Although the strange terms in B-track and N-track talks sometimes make me frustrated, I am grateful that I have been given the chance to draw a bigger picture of the field in my mind.

Another benefit from the programme is its emphasis on research. I have been working hard for my minor project for about three months and I have learned a lot more than expected, not only from the progresses but also from the setbacks.

Owing to the more than ten different versions of unsuccessful pilot experiments, I am a lot more experienced in programming experiments and more importantly a precise attitude towards research is internalized.

Thanks to the EEG labs being really busy in this period, I have had a chance to train my time management skills and also to work and make friends with many researchers from different disciplines.

When it comes to people I know in my dream-like new life, my heart only fills with gratitude. As the only truly international student in C-track and seemingly the only Asian student in the whole mater programme this year , I did feel at a loss right after the welcoming meeting.

Fortunately, my fellow C-trackers have been a great source of comfort and support to me even before I could recognize each of them by their names or faces.

I would have been much less accustomed to the new school life if the C-trackers did not get along so well that we always chatted in a group for at least half an hour after every lecture.

The city, the programme and the friends in my new life are all too wonderful to be true. If it is not a dream now, it must have been a dream once that has come true after the dreamer walked through her long long journey.

Erik Boddeke and Prof. Under the leadership of Prof. Christiane Herden and Dr. For them BCN with their research themes come as natural partners.

For this reason they contacted BCN member Prof. Longstanding research connections of BCN members with several groups from both German universities helped to establish this connection.

Amalia Dolga who is now working in the group of Prof. Carsten Cullmsee in Marburg. Areas of interaction between the Graduierten Kolleg and BCN are the establishment of common research and methodological seminars, lab rotations, comparative morphology and neurobiology, common summer schools and student research days.

Of high interest to our guests was especially the traditionally high expertise in Groningen on behavioral testing of animals and the field of neuroimmunology.

After a short introduction on BCN given by Prof. Boddeke, Prof. Herden and Dr. Rummel gave a brief overview on the Graduiertenkolleg structure.

We invited researchers from Groningen to match these topics during the event, which was located in Het Paleis. However, other research groups from our university expressing interest are welcome to make contact via Prof.

Boddeke to exchange information on the organization of the research school. The German visitors were impressed by helpful comments they received from BCN and expressed their gratitude.

All researchers affiliated with BCN were invited. Around 40 researchers from all four faculties participated and there were 9 very interesting talks.

There was also a round table discussion with the BCN Board members. There we observed that the principal investigators meet each other regularly.

BCN is an interdisciplinary community with many members. As a result, sometimes it is difficult for researchers to know who else is a BCN member, and what other research is going on within BCN.

Upon our return, we proposed our idea for organizing such a meeting to the board of BCN, who reacted very positively to the idea and provided the support for the meeting to happen.

What have we learned from the talks? Jacob Jolij Psychology, GMW showed that our brains can play tricks on us and make us perceive external stimuli differently, depending on our memory, expectation and mood.

Marije aan het Rot Psychology, GMW pointed out that depression is not simply a brain regulation problem, but is also closely connected with social functioning.

Janniko Georgiadis Neurosciences, UMCG , without videos, showed how brain activity changes during sexual arousal and orgasm in humans.

Further, when used as an experimental tool, they can reveal effects of aging or disorders on language processing. Langers, P. Mapping the tonotopic organization in human auditory cortex with minimally salient acoustic stimulation.

Cerebral Cortex Some causes of the variable shape of flocks of birds. PLoS One 6 8 : e Music alters visual perception. PLoS One 6 4 :e What have we learned from the round table discussion?

For other faculties, the benefits are mostly in having a well-structured PhD and master programme where the students benefit from many useful courses offered, having a network of scientists with similar interests, and the opportunity to participate in events such as this meeting or regularly organized symposia.

BCN currently accepts any researcher who wants to become a member as a member, and it was decided that we would like to keep the community open to everyone by continuing with this practice.

As for interdisciplinary collaborations, it was decided that opportunities to bring the PIs together, such as through meetings like this or using the BCN newsletter, would be useful.

The benefit of these collaborations is All presenters obviously loved their work. And the listeners enjoyed the talks, as was obvious from the vivid discussions.

I greatly enjoyed the broad scope of behavioral and cognitive neuroscience, as displayed today.

Bright light exposure during acute tryptophan depletion prevents a lowering of mood in mildly seasonal women. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol.

Georgiadis et al. Dynamic subcortical activity during male sexual activity with ecological validity: a perfusion fMRI study.

Evidence for bilateral involvement in idiom comprehension: An fMRI study. In short, BCN is a community of scientists who have similar interests and who also want to thrive within a group of scientists.

To keep it alive, we each have to put in some effort. What have we learned from the meeting? Abnormal parietal function in conversion paresis, PLoS One 6 10 :e Epub Oct PI meetings can be disastrous with a mishmash of talks that nobody understand, or they can be thoughtprovoking experiences with lots of discussion.

Thankfully, it turned out to be the latter. With a small but enthusiastic group we listened to talks ranging from models of bird flock formations to courtship behavior in fruitflies.

We learned about how PCA was instrumental in uncovering tonotopic maps in fMRI in humans I did not know that was such a recent discovery!

We watched beautiful movies and animations of bird flocks and fish flocks in a talk by Charlotte Hemelrijk.

We ended up having an interesting discussion about how the same models could potentially be used to describe dynamics of flocks of cyclists.

Given some traumatic experiences in a course in molecular and cell biology during my PhD, I had never thought that a talk about fruit fly genetics could be interesting.

But Jean-Christoph Billeter talked about how males start to mate males when simply one molecule is missing from the display of a fruit fly, and how this behavior can be reversed by spraying this molecule onto it.

For me, as a fairly new faculty in BCN, this was a good opportunity to get to know some interesting new science, hang out with old friends and meet new ones.

The close proximity is an advantage for Groningen researchers who are interested in international collaborations.

Pim van Dijk and Prof. The purpose was for hearing researchers from both sides to meet with each other and to learn about research that is conducted on either side of the Netherlands-Germany border.

The meeting was also a continuation of the International Graduate School of Neurosensory Science, Systems and Applications InterGK, that established a long-standing successful collaboration between our universities.

Kollmeier introduced the structure of hearing-perception related research in their universities. Following this, other researchers from the ENT and Artificial Intelligence Departments and the Neuroimaging Center of the RUG gave presentations on a wide range of topics, including speech perception, auditory cognition, biophysics of hearing, real-life listening environments, animal models of hearing, cochlear implants and hearing aids.

A highlight of the day were the student presentations. The students each had only 5 minutes to introduce a poster about their work and they all managed to do the impossible task of summarizing years-worth of work in those few minutes.

The Groningen-Oldenburg seminar turned out to be a very interactive meeting that highlighted vital opportunities for collaboration between our universities.

A follow-up seminar is being organized and the researchers have already started working on a number of collaborative projects.

The target audience consisted of neurologists and psychiatrists, as well as experts from other related fields, with the purpose of stimulating a multidisciplinary atmosphere to provide the guests new insights to the field.

Positron emission tomography PET images metabolic activity through the injection of an analogue of glucose, namely Fluorodeoxyglucose FDG.

This technique is widely used, for instance, in tumor research. Singlephoton emission computer tomography SPECT on the other hand works through the injection of radio isotopes.

This technique provides 3D information by means of gamma rays. The location of the symposium was the UMCG.

Due to the fact that only one speaker was presenting at a time, the lecture hall was well-attended throughout the symposium.

Next to the president of the symposium, Prof. There were 13 sessions in total, each hosted by two chairpersons from the UMCG with expert knowledge about the topic in question.

Furthermore, techniques and modeling, as well as imaging of different neurotransmitters and receptors were discussed.

Next to the experts of the fields mentioned above, a few BCN students were given the opportunity to attend the symposium. By this, it was possible to gather new insights about current topics and state of the art research outside the lecture hall.

Overall the three days were a rich experience and we hope that Groningen could become a regular host for experts in this important field of research.

With his retirement, one of the founders of modern child and adolescent psychiatry in the Netherlands says farewell.

In honour of his exceptional efforts in the field of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, he received a royal award. He was one of the first psychiatrists in the Netherlands who saw the need for behavioral interventions in child psychiatry.

His scientific interest was focused on the biological aspects of developmental and behavioral disorders and information processing in children with developmental disabilities.

The importance of the role of parents, both in diagnosis and in treatment, was always central to the work of Ruud Minderaa.

He always tried to connect research, education and care, and in this way he inspired many of his colleagues. He was instrumental in the creation of the Dutch Knowledge Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, which is now one of the major institutions in the field of child and adolescent psychiatry in the Netherlands.

The aim of this centre is to make knowledge available for young patients, parents and professionals. Large numbers of medical, psychology and pedagogy students and countless children, youngsters and parents will continue to admire Ruud as an inspiring teacher and an experienced and committed psychiatrist.

Professor Minderaa studied medicine and was trained as psychiatrist in Rotterdam. After a brief stay in the United States, he joined the University of Groningen in , first appointed as Associate Professor and later as Professor at the Department of Child and Juvenile Psychiatry.

After the merger in , he became a member of the board of Accare, which is the specialist in child and adolescent psychiatry in the Northern Netherlands.

Come and Try the BCN retreat! After half a year of PhD life, there are still some As a PhD student from clinical psychology, I really questions about being a qualified PhD student lingering in my mind.

During the speed dating session, I found that many other PhD students, regardless of their background, have similar questions.

Our discussions ranged from how to keep a close relationship with our busy supervisors to how to make our plan more practical, etc.

Suggestions, such as writing two hundred words each day, rain or shine, or establishing a shared google doc with our supervisors, are all practical and feasible.

Experiences handed down from senior PhD students enlightened the day. It was a good balance between intellectual content and relaxation.

There was plenty of chance to get to know other PhD students. Because I am situated in the psychology department, we usually talk about abstract psychological constructs such as mood, attention, cognition.

Therefore it was really refreshing to discuss the neurobiology of psychiatric diseases with fellow BCN members.

Especially for those PhD students whose projects are so-called interdisciplinary, BCN is a great research school.

In addition, it was interesting to experience the subtle differences between the beta type research and analysis performed by most BCN members and the gamma type of research generally performed in psychology.

I will definitely join next time! To be honest, it is not easy to understand protein synthesis and test-tube babies from my linguistic perspective.

However, presentations from other disciplines inspired me in terms of experiment design, analysis approach and presentation skills.

It was also exciting to find a different perspective on the same issues we were dealing with, like seeing a familiar world from a kaleidoscope.

A second definition even states that a retreat is a place of quietness, security and peace holiday - vakantieverblijf. However, the BCN interpretation of retreat did not meet my expectations based on these determinations in many ways.

Whereas hotel de Oringer Marke and Odoorn itself seemed perfectly suitable for the quietest two days I would ever had, I instead spent my time speed dating myself into an incredible dry mouth and throwing myself an RSI arm on the bowling alley.

A quick heartbeat, sweat and anxiety kicked in on Friday morning before my presentation. Nevertheless, the valuable constructive feedback, the new ideas and new contacts will contribute to my PhD project in such a way that it will be less stressful, less risky, and a lot easier to manage.

The invitation to spend 2 days in Odoorn, away from our study of the tiny details, may well have come at an inconvenient time for most of us.

And to make the event challenging enough, the BCN kindly asks the presenters of the retreat to explain their entire project within 15 minutes to a group of scientists, the majority of whom are not familiar with the specific topic at all.

Well, nothing could be further from the truth! Who knew that a combination of speed-dating, forest walks, and a bunch of scientific talks is exactly what brings us further in our research.

It sometimes helps to talk to a colleague from the same field about the precious details of your study, but it can sometimes be even more helpful to talk to a scientist from a completely different field about the general purpose and the big picture that made us start our project in the first place.

The beauty of BCN lies within its diversity of disciplines and this is exactly what we, the PhD students, should make full use of. As a linguist, for example, I do not have a particular interest in microglia and the non-linguists of BCN typically stop listening when we talk about morphemes or suffixes.

I will not pretend that these kinds of situations did not happen a couple of times during the last retreat, but with the very useful comments and constructive criticism of the scientists who gave feedback to the presenters, we have all learned to look at our project from a more global scientific perspective.

The BCN retreat thus challenges us to bridge the gap between the various researchers within different fields and to practice thinking like our target audience.

And that is a skill that, especially in the world of research, should never be overestimated. Therefore, it is important for them to have someone who is accessible for practical questions, and will help establish social integration in the PhD community and their faculty.

For that purpose BCN has recently introduced the buddy system, in which new PhD students the buddies are paired with senior PhD students the mentors.

The new students can choose between a personalized one-to-one buddy system, where one buddy is paired with one mentor, or they can decide on being part of a mentor group, where a senior PhD student is paired with multiple buddies.

In either format, the buddies and their mentors meet in informal settings and can discuss various academic and social topics that concern them.

These topics can vary from discussing the impact factors of research journals to finding out which is the best spot in Groningen to hangout with friends, colleagues or frolleagues.

BCN puts interested PhD students in contact with each other and the buddy-mentor pairs decide the details of their relationship themselves, depending on their needs and available time.

Since the buddy system is fairly new to BCN we interviewed two PhD students in the faculty of Economics and Business, where this system is functional and running successfully.

In this faculty new students are matched with experienced PhD students with a similar background who work at the same research programme. Meet Addisu Lashitew and Silke Bumann and find out about their experience with the buddy system.

Of course, we hope that their experience will convince you to be a PhD-mentor for one of the new PhD-students. My name is Addisu Lashitew.

My PhD project is about productivity and resource allocation among developing country manufacturing firms. I am already into the fourth year of my PhD so I have lived in Groningen for more than 3 years now.

She helped me with some practical matters, like where to go and what to do when you want to get something fixed. That was a lot of help.

Just as I had a mentor in the beginning of my project, I also became a mentor for two PhD students in the academic years since then.

How did you find out about the buddy system? By the time I joined the university the buddy system was already in place. But I learned about it only once I came here.

So I came to know about it only when I was assigned a mentor. Why did you decide to become a mentor?

I was approached by our research school if I could be a mentor to new coming students, and I agreed because I was glad to help them adapt here.

How many buddies do you have? Overall, I was a mentor for two new students - once during my 2nd year and another time during the 3rd year of my study.

I was not assigned a buddy this year because I was not around when the academic year started. Both times I became a mentor our research school SOM asked if I could become a mentor for the students.

I assume they matched me with the students based on our interests and background. Once I consented, they gave me their contact address, including telephone and office number.

After that I contacted them directly. But this can also be handled differently as in the case of my friend who was directly introduced to his buddy by the research school coordinator.

2 thoughts on “Katharina mГјller

  1. Im Vertrauen gesagt ist meiner Meinung danach offenbar. Sie versuchten nicht, in google.com zu suchen?

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